Udzungwa Mountain National Park has a wide range of diverse endemic flora and fauna due to which it is known as the Galapagos Island of Africa.
Udzungwa is a part of the Eastern Arc Mountain range which extends from Taita Hills of Kenya to Udzungwa which is bordered by the Ruaha river on the north with Mikumi National Park and Selous Game Reserve situated further to the north and east respectively.
World Wildlife Fund has recognized Udzungwa Mountain National Park an Ecoregion of Global Critical Importance and a World Biodiversity Hotspot.
Udzungwa Mountain National Park boasts of stunning mountains landscape, grasslands, rocks, rivers and waterfalls. Its major attraction is its biologically diverse forest, hosting a wide range of flora ranging from a tiny African violet to 30-metre high trees. You can also spot some plant species which are endemic to the park.
Apart from endemic plants species, it hosts 6 primate species of which 5 are endemic to the park including the Iringa red colobus monkey and the Sanje Crested Mangabey. The park is also home to elephants, buffaloes, lions, leopards, African wild dogs, elands, waterbucks and sables.
It is one of the Top 10 birding destinations in Tanzania, with several bird species such as the Rufous-winged sunbird, the Udzungwa partridge, red-capped warbler and the dappled mountain forest robin.
Udzungwa Mountain National Park is opened for travellers throughout the year. The best time is to visit during the dry season, from June to October just before short rains. If possible avoid visiting it during the wet seasons, the roads become very slippery.
Udzungwa Mountain National Park is known for its endemic plants and animals. Udzungwa is home to six primate species including the Iringa red colobus and Sanje Crested Mangabey, which are not found anywhere else in the world.
The park has a rich birdlife with over 400 aviary fauna, some of which are endemic to Udzungwa only.
You can also spot elephant, buffalo, hippopotamus, lion and leopard occasionally at the park.
Udzungwa Mountain National Park is well connected by roadways and train services are also available to the park.
It is around 5 hours drive away from Dar Es Salaam. You also take shuttle buses from Mikumi and Dar Es Salaam to reach Udzungwa.
The nearest railway station to the park is Mang’ula station which is 30 minutes walk from the park headquarters. You can also take express trains but the halt at Ifakara, which 50 km further south.