Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park

Overview

Located at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, is Uganda's largest and oldest national park, the Murchison Falls National Park. Otherwise also known as the Kabalega National Park or Kabarega Falls, it is part of the Murchison Falls Conservation Area ( MFCA ) which also comprises of Bugungu and Karuma Falls Wildlife Reserves. Gazetted in as a wildlife reserve in 1926, and designated as one of Uganda’s first national parks in 1952 the park is characterised by its diverse habitats of the flowing savannahs, riverine forests and woodlands to go with the River Nile and Lake Albert and Karuma falls that complete a rich mosaic of scenery that aptly makes Murchison falls, one of the best game parks in Uganda, and teeming with nearly 76 different mammal species and 451 birds. One of the premier attractions of the park is Victoria Nile rivers which fall from over 45 meters from the rift valley wall, as it forces its way through the nearly 8-meter wide roaring thunderously as it sprays misty droplets to form a scenic rainbow before flowing westward on the valley floor into Lake Albert. This stretch of the river offers lots of wildlife sights with the elephants, giraffes, and buffaloes visiting the shores regularly with the hippos, Nile crocodiles and aquatic birds being the permanent residents. The birders can watch the Goliath Herons, Great Egrets, African Fish Eagles and the rare Shoebill stork here. On the south of Murchison falls the Kaniyo Pabidi Forest, is the place of the habituated chimpanzees, black-and-white colobus and blue monkeys and olive baboons and known for chimpanzee tracking. The park also has the lions, the leopards, besides the elephants, and the Buffaloes with only the black rhino missing to complete the Big 5. Other species include bushbucks, Uganda kob, waterbucks and warthogs, large numbers of the endangered Rothschild Giraffes, Jackson’s hartebeest, hyenas etc.

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